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Friedrich Froebel 1782 - 1852

Women took Kindergarten around the World

Henriette Schrader-Breymann 1827 - 1899

Baroness von Marenholtz-Buelow 1811-1893

Margarethe Meyer Schurz 1833 - 1876

Elizabeth Peabody 1804 - 1894

Susan Elizabeth Blow 1843 - 1916

Eliza Ann Cooper Blaker 1854 - 1926


In 1849 Margarethe Meyer and her sister Bertha met Froebel when he was lecturing about Kindergarten. Bertha spent the next two years opening Kindergartens in Germany before moving to London with her husband, where the Ronges opened the England Infant Garden in Tavistock Place in September 1851.

Practical Guide to the English Kindergarten: 1858 Edition
F. Froebel J. Ronge B. Ronge with and introduction by Jeffrey Stern published 1996

Bertha Ronge also opened Infant Gardens in Manchester and Leads. Margarethe married Carl Schurz and moved to Watertown, Wisconsin where she opened the first Kindergarten in the United States in 1856.

Maria Kraus-Boelté 1836-1918

Maria Boelte was trained by Luise, the widow of Froebel. She taught with the Ronges in London. Together with her husband John Kraus she opened the New York Normal Training Kindergarten, where Susan Blow began her career



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